Solo-Super-Sped-Up Rogaining (Urban Score Orienteering)

by Tristan White

A key ingredient to rogaining (in addition to the navigation, teamwork, and route planning) is pushing through the long duration of the event. Excluding multi-day events such as the Tour de France or Test Cricket, a 24-hour rogaine is one of the longest continuous “official” sporting events.

But even the deepest rogaining tragics couldn’t hope to compete in a 24hr rogaine every week and simultaneously hold down a job, have some sort of family life, and keep their body physically intact. So what better way to keep up the routine of route planning, navigation and keeping fit on a weekly basis than a solo, super-sped-up version of a championship rogaine?

NSW is fortunate enough to have these Solo Super-Sped-up rogaines run by our various orienteering clubs. Despite the supposed rivalry between orienteers and rogainers, these events have long been popular amongst both the orienteering and rogaining crew, and for good reason. I did my first score orienteering in 2013 after a couple of years of serious rogaining and was immediately hooked.

As the summer orienteering starts kicking off around the State I had the privilege of having Ross Barr and Samantha Howe, coordinators of the best known midweek “Score-O” events in NSW, answer questions about the Sydney Summer Series (SSS) and Newcastle Summer Street Series (NSS) and explain why it’s such a great thing for rogaining regulars of all persuasions to give it a crack. Thanks to Sam and Rosscoe for their responses.

Sam (at right) with teammate Cath at Berowra Bewilderness Socialgaine 2018

Tristan White: How did you get into orienteering/rogaining in the first place?

Ross Barr: I was leading NPA day walks back in the early 1980s and my bushwalking friend, the late Bill Maclean from Garingal Orienteering, was a regular who used to urge me to give O a go. “You love the bush, you love maps…” But I didn’t think I had that competitive bit or wanted to run… How wrong this proved when I did eventually give it a go (at Macquarie Uni in 1987)! I was instantly hooked. I did my first rogaine a couple of years later – a Paddy Pallin I think.

Samantha Howe: I got into Orienteering and Rogaining through friends in the Newcastle Uni Mountaineering Club and was immediately hooked. I started helping by setting occasional street events and am now the Street Series Coordinator and I regularly set different events.

The Castlecrag course was one of the highlights of the 2018-19 SSS Season (and it may likely form part of the upcoming 2020 Socialgaine)

TW: Give a summary of how the series works.

RB: Each SSS course is 45 minutes in length, with controls numbered 1-30 on the map; 1-10 being ten points, 11-20 twenty, and 21-30 thirty; hence a total of 600 available points. The controls are generally in relatively easy locations, such as track junctions or fence corners; with a flag and electronic punch (SportIdent Unit) hanging at it. Competitors generally run (or walk) solo though we do permit team entries as well. Like a conventional rogaine, 10 points are lost per minute late, and generally the course is set so that the best runner collects almost (but not quite) all 600 points, and there is no obvious route so athletes are rewarded for clever route planning. There are 26 events this year, coinciding with each Wednesday of Daylight Savings.

Runners can usually collect maps from 4pm (though that’s changed somewhat with Covid) and start between 4:30pm and 6:45pm. The course closes at 7:30pm at which stage controls begin to be collected.

SH: NSS has always been a 45-minute score course with two minutes of map-reading time before starting. Maps are A4 size at 1:10,000. NSS used to have a multiple-choice question at each control (eg. #93 Colour of Letterbox: Red / White / Green) which were marked at the finish to give your score. Controls were worth 1, 2 or 3 points with 1 point lost for each minute late up to 5mins, then 2 points per minute up to 10mins late before disqualification at 55mins. Now we are changing over to MapRun which uses GPS on your smartphone or Garmin watch to beep and register each control as you reach it, then uploading your score at the finish. Controls will now be worth 30, 40, 60 or 90 points (changing due to MapRun control number limitations) with 30 points lost per minute late. A competitor’s best 10 results count towards their series total. Toblerones are awarded to any competitors who come to every event in the series and there are usually 5-20 people each season who manage this. Andrew Haigh seems particularly partial to Toblerone as he has the best record of attendance in the last ten or so years.

Starts are from 5pm – 6:30pm with course closure at 7:30pm.

TW: When and why did the Summer Series start?

RB: SSS began as something to keep you in touch over the summer when we had a hiatus from other events. Early years had various formats, but in 1991 we settled for the ‘Mini- Rogaine’ 45-minute score course we now have. The locations are slightly North Shore/Northern Beaches/Inner West Sydney centric, but we do cover quite a wide area.* This season includes Auburn and Earlwood for instance. Garingal Orienteers (my club) began it all, and we still do roughly half the 26 events each year. The other four Sydney-based clubs (Bennelong, Western & Hills, Uringa and Bigfoot) share the balance, with my role balancing the competing areas and dates – always a challenge! We get an average 200 attendees for each event, and a very much rusted on demographic. Our web site (about to be updated with the new branding from dirtyd) shows the programme, captures results and news. The latter usually being my cryptic race reports** – that I’m sure no one reads!

(*) There are now similar South and West Sydney Summer Series’ with a similar format, however less regular and held on weekends

(**) They really are cryptic. Each week Ross invents an original theme that somehow ties in with the location, course, organiser or best athletes. As an example, for the course I (Tristan) set at North Wahroonga he managed to compare the natural setting with different shades of “White” paint to coincide with my surname.

A SSS from 1995 at Boronia Park, North Ryde. It has more recently been utilised in the Lane Cove Rivergaine 3 in 2017

SH: The Newcastle Street Series started in 1990. Arthur Kingsland won the first series and several later series and he still competes each year. Club members of all levels take part and the street series has always been aimed at bringing new people in to try orienteering. A lot of Novocastrian rogainers have been attending the NSS for many years including Andrew & Nicole Haigh, Rob & Marg Cook, Van Netten family, Charlton family, Montgomery family, Ian Dempsey, Bob Gilbert, Neil Chappell and many more.

The trophy for outright winner is a 4kg+ lump of bitumen (see below photo of Andrew holding this trophy).

Clare Williams, Alex Massey and Andrew Morris with their NSS trophies

TW: What gave you the idea to start up the SSS, and what type of people came to the events back then?

RB: Big Foot had an event before I started, and I think there were earlier series’ that had faded out. Maybe I was just the right person at the right time – and 30 years later wondering, “Gee, what happened here?” Most of our early runners were all O club members, but then we started getting non-O athletes. Some fantastic runners have joined us over the years, though nowadays many names in both O and rogaining join the party, less the straight road-running crowd.

TW: You have set and done longer rogaines in the past. How can participation in summer-series events complement one’s performance in longer rogaines?

RB: Ron Junghans and I set the Paddy at Long Swamp (2001 – same location as the more recent “Pagoda Palooza”), and we were both pretty keen then. I’d always go out hard, Ron trailing back, but he always perked up at the 4-5 hour mark, often finishing the stronger. My rogaines with Ian McKenzie (both of us walking at fast pace) have been highlights also. The key link across the two map-sports is distance estimation, and the need for late plan adjustments as one tires. Both sports are defined by these features.

SH: NSS events are like mini-rogaines; controls have differing point values and you try to get the most points you can within the 45-min time limit. This is great to hone time-management skills, navigation under pressure and route planning to maximise points.

TW: How do Summer Series events contrast to other conventional orienteering events, and what makes them particularly ideal for rogainers?

RB: SSS are ’score’ courses, where you can (normally) study the map and course. The biggest difference to classic bush and sprint orienteering is that these are ‘line’ courses with no prior study. The key to good O setting is route choice and making decisions in very short time order. Orienteering in that sense is a more charged and athletic activity, where decisions on the run are often so critical and such a key aspect. Orienteering’s event times (being shorter) are a major contrast to rogaining, so SSS is perhaps a good cross over.

SH: NSS are ‘score’ courses (like rogaines) instead of traditional ‘line’ courses and are set in suburban areas with some reserves and occasional bush sections. Most competitors don’t use a compass as it’s more time consuming and they just keep track mentally. These events can be enjoyed at any speed by all ages and abilities, just like rogaines. NSS also has a walking-only category and a pram category (running with pram allowed) and you can compete by yourself or in a group. Children under 12 must be accompanied by an adult for safety.

TW: Do you have any particular favourite courses/maps/locations or events over the years

RB: No real favourites. The location variety is one of our best features, ranging from the bush of Lane Cove, Curl Curl, Tania Park and Kissing Point. So many – and three new maps this season! I suppose I’m a little bit keen on the inner West having mapped Pyrmont, Glebe, Annandale etc. They also hint at Sprint O to a degree, something I’m very very keen on.

SH: I too like the variation within the series – some maps are flat and some very hilly, some are grid-like (where you can easily make parallel errors) and others are curvy mazes. I prefer maps with lots of complexity and not too many steep hills. We have so many maps that we usually don’t repeat a map for three years.

Course prep for the NSS

TW: What is going to be different this series to reflect the Covid era?

RB: The Covid protocols mean we will pre-publish the courses (night before) to assist in minimising people mingling at assembly to study the route. Sadly, this was always one of the best aspects of our weekly ‘hit’ … getting to catch up with your mates, now pre-done, or back in your car. So, minimal people at rego. No results display etc. It will make the SSS Facebook page all the more important as a forum for athletes to spend hours comparing their routes to that of their mates!

SH: MapRun should help with faster times as there are no longer questions to answer at a control. Because it will now be GPS, we will be able to easily check a competitor’s route if a control doesn’t ‘beep’ and amend their score. Also, all competitors will have to physically pass through each control instead of turning around early (if they had good eyesight at a distance) and they will not be able to cheat by guessing answers or taking shortcuts through Out-of-bounds areas.

NSS route planning

TW: What in particular is there to look forward to this season?

RB: This year’s programme begins with the two cancelled events from Season 29 including my ‘Gone Trotting’ at Harold Park, Glebe. Both with new material. I mentioned the new maps (Auburn – dead flat, Earlwood, the full Northbridge which I’ve called ‘Remembering Bob Hawke’! and one behind Warringah Mall). Your (Tristan’s, held on December 2nd) one in North Wahroonga will be a cracker, as will Richard Pattison at ’The Cascades’ which hasn’t been used for over 25 years. Also Ian Jessup at Long Reef, another oldie getting a rerun in the sun. And don’t forget the 30th anniversary event – back with special permission at Balls Head where it all began.

A 1997 map from another favourite location, Balls Head in North Sydney
Ross’s own Fox Valley (South Wahroonga) course was one of my personal favourites, as it was for many other rogaine regulars.

TW: Thanks Sam & Ross for the info and obvious enthusiasm you have for the Summer Series. And for our readers, here’s links to other Score Orienteering comps in NSW & ACT.

Here’s one of the maps from Newcastle Summer Series 2019-20

Get Into Gear Part 7 – Packing in a Section on Bags

by Tristan White

Unless you have arms like an octopus, the single most important piece of equipment to have for a rogaine is a good backpack, because without one, it is near impossible to carry the bounty of other essential gear to keep you dry, fed, warm or cool for many hours.

Just like almost every other piece of equipment used in a rogaine, there are no bags specifically manufactured for rogaining, and people have different views about what works best. I have my own two cents to add, but have enlisted the help of several rogaining long-timers. Thanks to Andrew Duerden, Gill Fowler and Pierre Francois for sharing their views and experiences.

Let’s start with me, Tristan White: I have used almost exclusively two backpacks for rogaines over the past seven or so years, both of which happened to be acquired at the (now defunct) Highland Fling MTB race. The CamelBak 2011 HAWG (Holds A lotta Water and Gear) was one of the prizes for a category win, and has probably joined me for more adventures than any other of my possessions. With two zip-up side pouches, and a bounty of pockets, it has worked for up to 24-hours of bashing around the bush without feeling too uncomfortable. Primarily made for cycling, it has also been my main bag for commuting as the pouch for the bladder perfectly fits in a small laptop.

Tristan’s CamelBak HAWG

The greatest tragedy of this item is that it’s no longer manufactured and whilst I have searched far and wide, I cannot find a replacement, leading to me rather desperately stitch together more broken seams than I can count, and also making me the subject of much ridicule as I brazenly carry the dirty and torn-up contraption around shops, airports and conference centres.

More recently, I jumped on the 50% discounted CamelBak Ultra 10 at the CamelBak display stand for the 2015 Highland Fling. It is predominately made for ultramarathons, and I’d describe it as somewhere between a vest and a backpack, something that works very well for a long rogaine where I do a combination of walking and running. It’s been great, as it’s light enough to not feel bulky when I’ve used it for a 3-hr event owing to its elasticity, but I’ve used it for almost every 24-hr event since I got it. The catch is that it usually doesn’t fit my raincoat and I generally cable tie it to the outside of the pack. Whilst Gill advises against this below, it’s worked very well for me and saved me the additional expense of a new pack.

It too has got its fair share of tears which have required some stitchwork, but is mostly still going strong from a couple dozen rogaines, trail runs and epic mountain bike rides over the years. I highly recommend something similar to relatively serious rogainers.

Tristan’s Camelback Ultra 10

Andrew Duerden: I use the Salomon 12L ultra race vest for all rogaines and have done so for the past 5-6 years. In addition to a few ultramarathons, I have used the pack for 50+ events and numerous training runs and there is nothing wrong with it except for a small tear on the rear. I find it very comfortable in all conditions, very light, and not constrictive when running, climbing or bashing through bush. I got it at Pace in North Sydney for about $250.

Andrew’s Salomon

Gill Fowler: I’ve used several backpacks for rogaining. The type and size of backpack depends on the event. The size is just big enough to hold the gear I need and robust enough to withstand scrub bashing (very important!). Also it is better to have a pack that has slightly more capacity, rather than try to stuff it all in, as you want to be able to easily access your gear, and an overstuffed pack is not as comfortable. It also needs to fit your body – so trying before use is good. I tend towards a women’s specific pack, as it fits my frame better – if the harness is too big it moves around too much when I run and the outcome is chafing.

Gill’s backpacks

Pierre Francois: Over my eight years in rogaining I have been able to try multiple packs in terms of brand (Quechua, Salomon, Lafuma, Ultimate Direction), capacity (5L to 35L), shape (from classic hiking to racing vest), and colour (I tried them all!) I’m currently racing with an Ultimate Direction Fastpack 35 (vest style).

Pierre’s Ultimate Direction Fastpack 35

I went to the “vest” because I wanted to have a pack which doesn’t bounce while I run and I found vests are greatly designed for that. The second criteria for my choice was the number of pockets, as I like to have everything accessible while I run, so I don’t have to stop to open the pack and grab what I need. I counted that one has six compartments on the front and four at the back/side (that is on top of the main compartment!) In terms of capacity, I use the 35L one which is a bit of overkill for rogaining, but since I also use it for adventure racing where races go for longer and the mandatory gear is more extensive than in rogaining, they fit the purpose. I have recently purchased a 16L version which I used for the recent Nightgaine and it worked very well.

It has 11 pockets and you need to be organised to like them. I bought them from an online retail shop –

Pierre’s 16 Litre Ultimate Direction

Tristan White: What are the pros and cons between a ultramarathon vest, a conventional daypack and light overnight hiking pack?

AD: I have never worn a normal pack so can’t compare.

GF: An ultramarathon vest style pack is my pick for a shorter rogaine, when you don’t need to carry much gear and you are not doing much off-track navigation – i.e. metrogaine, socialgaine and minigaine. These vests are often not as robust as other packs, so I don’t often use them for the 12 and 24-hr bush events, in which case I’m looking for a reasonably lightweight, robust and well-fitting pack, which is usually a more heavy duty running pack, adventure race style pack. But if you predominantly hike most of your rogaine events a day pack/hiking pack is fine – an overnight pack is likely too big.  

PF: In my view the rule is simple: a conventional backpack will work well for hiking but won’t be great if you want to run. However, a vest will work both styles. I also find the vests are lightweight and have numerous pockets which make it very easy to grab food or gear on the go.  The Ultimate Direction vests have big mesh pockets at the back which I use for almost everything.

TW: How do you fit your pack to best distribute the weight over your body, and what are common mistakes about misfitting a pack?

AD: All heavy gear (including the bladder) is placed in the rear centre compartment and in the centre of the large lower stretch pocket. This ensures there is no sideways movement. All other gear is then distributed evenly on the lower rear stretch pockets and in the front pouches. I also carry two 500ml bottles in the front two pockets. I vary the rear bladder size between 1.5L and 2L (and vary the amount in the bladder) depending on weather conditions and length of event. For shorter events (6-hr or less) I will only carry the front two 500ml bottles as these are easier to drink from when running and quicker to refill.

PF:  I start first by the bladder as I found it hard to put the bladder properly while other gear is already in the back. That said, when I do refill the bladder during a course I don’t unload everything in my pack to put the bladder first 🙂 Once I have the bladder in, I will stash first the safety kit as they are the least likely to be needed (fingers crossed, although we did use it in the Nightgaine after a stick had perforated my mate’s hand) and everything else up to the top. First in means less likely needed.

TW: What is the approximate weight of your pack at the start of a 24hr event

AD: Weight is about 6.5kg and consists of:

  • Race vest (300gm)
  • 2L bladder full (2kg)
  • 2 x 500ml soft flasks (1kg)
  • Food (1.5kg)
  • Head torch & batteries (350gm)
  • First aid kit (200gm)
  • Raincoat (300gm) and/or thermal top (200gm) – only if it is going to rain and be very cold (below 5) would I carry both
  • Trekking poles (400gm)
  • Phone (300gm)

GF: As light as I can make it! My best guess is less than 4kg.

PF: I am not too sure but certainly too heavy because I often start with a 3L bladder full where I could (should) have less water, presuming I could refill on the course. That’s probably an area of improvement for me.

TW: Have you made any modifications to your backpack to better fit what you carry?

AD: No modifications made to race vest.

GF: No.

PF: Not on the Ultimate Direction packs but I did repair the first few ones I had to keep them alive for years. Also on my previous one, which was a Lafuma, I did purchase small pockets, and another one which I used as a “bin” which I sewed on so I could then expand my compartment space. This is probably what triggered my wish to get a new pack with that many small pockets.

Pierre shows one of his “bins”

TW: How do you pack your backpack to make it as straightforward to get what you need?

AD: Food which I plan to eat during sunset/sunrise stops (for changing head torches and clothing,) along with other larger item reserve food, first aid kit, and head torch/battery are in the larger rear zip pouch and lower rear stretch pocket. Quick access food (gels/bars) is in front pouches and race belt. Trekking poles are in a special holder on rear of pack. Extra clothing in rainproof zip lock bag in reach stretch pocket.

GF: There’s lots of pockets these days on packs, but for rogaines of more than 6 hours I always have a water bladder on my back (not water flasks on the front) my gear is in back, on small dry bag with my warm clothes, another with my torch and spare battery for night. Food is in the small pockets with excess in the main bag.

PF: I try to think of what I will need while I race and will dispatch it in all the various pockets. Things like snacks will be all over my front pockets and other food or warm gear (such as arm warmers) will be in the side pocket or big mesh at the back. You need a good teammate to grab stuff for you from the mesh 🙂   

TW: Do you have any strategies for waterproofing warm clothes/other items you carry?

AD: Quality zip lock bags are adequate (single or doubled up) – if it will rain then I am usually wearing a rain jacket and if forecast is for heavy rain then phone goes in a waterproof pouch.

GF: Dry bags.

PF: For emergency clothes and kit, I use small waterproof bags that you can find everywhere. For food, I will stick to traditional zip-lock bags.

Final note from Gill: Keep an eye out at the next event, and check out what bags others are using – quiz people at the HH, they may even let you try their pack on (best done at the start, before it gets caked with sweat!)